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Catalytic Reforming

This web-based training course on Catalytic Reforming functionality, administration and development, is available online to all individuals, institutions, corporates and enterprises in India (New Delhi NCR, Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkatta), US, UK, Canada, Australia, Singapore, United Arab Emirates (UAE), China and South Africa. No matter where you are located, you can enroll for any training with us - because all our training sessions are delivered online by live instructors using interactive, intensive learning methods.

For any modern petroleum refinery, the catalytic reforming process is an extremely important and critical element for overall economic balance of the company. It covers the basic and fundamentals aspects of processing through commercial unit operations, feedstock type interactions, yields, product qualities, catalysts, cycles lengths, and process variables. The two main catalytic reforming processes for refining and petrochemicals include semi-regenerative and continuous regenerative catalytic reformation processes. Reforming acts as the primary and most important process for improving the quality of the product to meet the final fuel specifications of fuels such as hydrogen and LPG. There are a number of key variables which have to be taken care of when it comes to catalytic reforming which have an impact on optimization of unit operations. Basically, it includes the re-arrangement and re-structuring of the hydrocarbon molecules in the naphtha feedstock while breaking molecules into smaller molecules. With the increasing demand in aromatics and high octane number fuels, catalytic reforming is likely to remain the most important unit processing system in petroleum and petrochemical industry for a long time to come.


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Course Details

Catalytic Reforming for Refining Process online training course is a specialized course which is structured to provide the various aspects of unit monitoring, troubleshooting, catalyst regeneration and process evaluation in refineries. The focus is on the optimization of the performance of the catalytic reformer and to utilize the maximum possible output from the unit for increased profitability. Completing this Catalytic Reforming for Petrochemicals online training course, the trainees will be able to assess the influence of the operating parameters on a unit performance and optimize the process to reach the targeted yield in BTX. The trainees will even be able to detect potential deficiencies and also come to know about the best practices of unit start-up. There are no-prerequisites for this course and any professional or beginner wishing to make a career in the domain can enroll in this course.


The Catalytic Reformer as Used In The Refinery Scheme

  • Quality characteristics of gasolines; reformulated gasoline and trends for the future
  • Octane improvement procedures and integration within the refining processes
  • Requirements in hydrogen. Aromatic complex introduction, requirement of benzene, toluene and xylenes
  • Effect of feedstock and properties of the performances on the units: IBP, FBP, composition (N,A, etc.), physical characteristics, impurities elements
  • Current yields and characteristics of reformate in connection with the severity

Characteristics Of Operation In a Catalytic Reformer

  • Diagrams of Process flow and operating characteristics in a catalytic reforming unit: semi-regenerative and continuous regenerative
  • Material balance and Energy consumption
  • Semi-regenerative processes and their implementation
  • Variables of Operations WABT, WAIT, H2/HC ratio, flow rates, water and chlorine injection, recycle gas and hydrogen rich gas parameters and flash drum situations
  • Major equipment and metallurgy involved: properties of reactors, heat exchangers and furnace technology, issues of corrosion
  • Low pressure technology: continuous regenerative processes
  • Low pressure equipments, recontacting sections, circulation of catalyst: lifts, ∆P control, seal legs, nitrogen loops for regeneration, etc
  • Analysis and process control

Reactions & Catalysts Of Catalytics Reforming

  • Review of the parameters of the chemical reactions both thermodynamics and kinetics
  • Effect of the operating parameters on the development of aromatics, hydrogen, octane number, and other yields. Results of semi-regenerative and continuous regenerative processes
  • Catalyst characteristics: role of the acidic and metallic functions, of the various promotors and their affect on chemical reactions and yields. Water/chlorine balance and management
  • Catalyst structure and selectivity, poisons and other factors
  • Follow up of Catalyst activity and cycle length prediction in semi-regenerative units
  • Catalyst regeneration. Operating parameters for CCR regeneration loops

The Various Operations & Optimizations For Catalytic Reforming

  • Unit operation: How to monitor the operating variables and optimization, for semi-regenerative and regenerative units
  • Flexibility of the continuous process
  • Increasing and improving the performances of the unit under constraints
  • Main steps for start-up and shutdown

Troubleshooting Methods In Catalytic Reforming

  • RON or aromatic content: the causes, diagnostic and remedies
  • Moisture in the feed, the sulfur peak, the chlorine peak: how to perform diagnosis and remedies
  • Problems of recycle or separation
  • Reactor temperature run-off
  • Troubles in CCR units: catalyst circulation, regeneration loops, chilling system, nitrogen lift pollution
  • CCR operation using catalyst regeneration problems

From a Refining Tool to a Petrochemical Tool

  • Outlets and main functions of BX (Benzene, Xylenes), ethylbenzene
  • The various technical key points to manage with: catalytical, operating situations for adapting to the catalytic reforming unit
  • Basic methodology to upgrade benzene and paraxylene
  • Benzene recovery unit: How to implement extractive distillation section
  • How to implement an aromatic loop: adding an isomerization section for optimizing the paraxylene recovery unit

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